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Upanayanam means a child or a boy starts to study the Vedic by wear sacred thread on a particular day to start learning. The childbirth date is considered while performing the Upanayana that proclaims Rasi, Nakshatra, and Tithi to perform the upanayana with Karma benefits. This ritual has to perform by wearing the thread, but it divides into Two Punul marriages.

Upanayanam is a Vedic ritual of life especially for Brahmins, mentioned following Vedic stipulation of Sandhya Vandhanam, Gayathri mantra of everyday life for the improvement of spiritual process in the child.

Religious Significance of Upanayanam

Apart from marriage, upanayana is the most important religious observance in Vedic culture. Usually performed for male members of the first three varnas, it is one of the Sixteen samskaras. This spiritual initiation is traditionally done at tender years.
Upanayanam in ancient times marked the induction of a child into formal education by the Gurukula system. The person was termed dwija ( twice-born), as the second intellectual birth of a person was by a guru in the father's place and the sacred Gayatri Mantra in the mother's place. The vatu not only learned Veda mantras but also taught many Kalas(skills and art forms) and vidya (education). It is upanayana, that enables a Hindu to become a performer of sacrifices and the practitioner of dharma. 

When the Upanayanam Ceremony Can be Performed

The Upanayanam ceremony can direct at the age of seven. Normally our actions can be divided into excellent, good, and very good. If a boy is interested in god and religion from a very young age in an extraordinary manner then, the sacred thread ceremony is directed at the age of 7, 9, 11 can be considered excellent, very good, good. 

Benefits of Upanayanam

It is through upanayana that a child is molded into a responsible individual with intellect who serves his family, community, society, and nation with self-awareness. There are various religious and spiritual benefits of upanayanam. It allows the vatu the following rights.

  • Right to study Veda.
  • Participate in Vedic rituals.
  • Learning and application of dharma in day-to-day life.
  • Begin the journey on the spiritual path.
  • Invoke the special blessings from Lord Brihaspathi.
  • Impart strength, wisdom, long life, lusture, and holiness.

Upanayanam Muhurtham

Shastras advise that for a brahmin child this ritual has to be performed when he is eight years old from conception or seven years and two months old from birth. For Kshatriya, it is 12 years and for Vaishyas, it is sixteen years. Although there existed the tradition of upanayana for girls, over the period of time it's now a ritual, done only to male offsprings. There is a special tradition of 'Kamyopanayana', where upanayanam is done at the age of five for extraordinarily intelligent boys with proper articulation.
Upanayanam of brahmana was performed in spring, Kshatriya in summer, a vaishya in autumn, and rathakara in the rainy season. Only a well-versed pandit can decide the muhurtham of upanayanam as a great deal of astrological aspects is taken into account before deciding the muhurtham of upanayanam preferably in uttarayana kala. Guru graha’s benevolent aspect is deemed most necessary in determining the time. 
From the day of initiation, the vatu bears full responsibility for all his actions and the sacred thread is a reminder to him to always be in control of his actions, speech, and thought.

Upanayanam Cost

The basic price for Upanayanam is INR 5600/-.
You can also customize your package to include the materials required. The Poojakit without perishables for INR 3499/- and with perishables for INR 4999/-. PujanPujari promises to deliver you the best of its assistance to fulfill your religious duties with complete satisfaction. 

Upanayanam FAQ'S

What is Upanayanam?
Upanayanam also known as the Sacred thread ceremony, Janeu, Poonal ceremony, Yajnopavita is a rite passage ritual, where the concept of Brahmajnana is taught to a young boy. Once the child has developed intellect and good articulation, to gain a further expansion of the brain, a very special function is done sacredly and ritualistically.
Why is it an important ceremony?
This ceremony symbolizes the journey of a child into that of a disciple and seeker of knowledge, ready to take religious responsibilities.
When Upanayanam can perform?

The Upanayanam ceremony can be done from the age of seven depending on the favorable astrological conditions and the horoscope of the child. 

Helpful LInks

Annaprasana | Saraswati Puja

Upanayanam is also known as the Sacred thread ceremony, Janeu, Poonal ceremony, Yajnopavita. It is routinely known as Hindu samskar, rite passage ritual, where the concept of Brahmin taught to a young boy. Children brain starts functioning only after the age of seven. To prove to the family and relatives, that child has developed well in intelligence and to gain a further expansion of the brain, a very special function is directed sacredly ritualism and magnificently for a male child.

Sankalpam( The Testimony of The Vedic Vidhi)

The word Sankalpam indicates the Vedic astrology of Panchang, place, time, day, Tithi, Nakshatra, Yogam, and Karanam. These are recited to the three trinities of Bhrama, Vishnu, and Shiva. The Vedic Vidhi recites for the current Vedic year and the Vedic name of the subcontinent and other significant elements. At the end of the Sankalpa needs family members Name, Gotra, Zodiac sign, Birth star to recite as a part of the puja and to get the blessings from the Lord Maha Ganapati, Navagrahas, family deity (kula devata), Grama devata and Ishta devata (favorite god one’s choice). So the first procedure is to invoke blessings from the deity.

Ganapati Puja

The Ganapati puja is considered as an auspicious for all the ceremonies while starting the puja. By doing Ganapathi puja, will get free from obstacles, hurdles in life. It acquires materialistic, spirituality in life.

16 common offerings to the Deity during worship
Dhyana – Meditating
Aavaahana – Inviting the deity into the altar.
Asana – Giving a seat to the deity
Paadya – Washing the deity’s feet with pure water.
Arghya – to wash hands and mouth.
Aachamana – Offering drinking water to the Deity.
Snaana – Bath the deity idol with turmeric water, milk, curd, sugar, water.
Vasthra – Offering Clothes to the deity
Yagnopaveetha – Offering the thread to wear from his right shoulder
Gandha – apply sandalwood paste(mixed with water) on the forehead and shoulders to the deity
Pushpa – Offering fresh flowers while chanting the deity’s names.
Dhoop – Spreading fragrance to the altar.
Deepa –offering a Diya to illuminate the surrounding decorated deity.
Naivedya –  offering food to the deity.
Taambula ­– Offering betel nut and leaves with fruits.
Harathi - offering Harathi by lighting camphor

Punya Vachanam

The word Punya Vachanam gives clarity of the clean ritual by invoking the blessings from the Lord Varuna (the lord of water) along with sacred rivers of the country namely Ganga, Yamuna, Saraswati, Narmada, Sindhu, and Cavery. The tirtha mantras are recited where the Punya Vachanam is performed, and their all the five elements are,

Jal - water
Vayu - air
Prithvi - earth
Agni - fire
Akasha - sky or space

By the chanting of Vedic mantras related to Lord Varuna, the place will be purified, where the positive energy is being retained in the pot and Punyavachana can be performed. 

Navagraha Puja

Navagrahas are nine planets and each planet governs a specific element (five elements) in the life cycle, so the certain specified planetary combinations in the horoscope give both malefic effects and good effects.

The beneficial effects are taken into consideration of the particular planet individually and also in their combination, generally to rectify or to neutralize the evil effect of the planets. During Navagraha puja chanting of mantras is replaced continuously.

To remove the malefic effects of the planets this Navagraha puja can be performed. During this puja one will get blessings from Adidevata (subordinate lord of the planet), ‘Prathana Devata’ (main deity of the planet).

Pradhana ajjya Homam

It can be performed with ghee followed by chanting of Vedic mantras in which the Upanayanam procedure is involved.

Pradha Charu Homam

It is to perform with Rice followed by chanting of Vedic mantras in which the Upanayanam procedure is performed. After finishing Pradha Charu Homam sandhya vandanam will be performed with the Vedic mantras.

Sandhya Vandanam

This procedure is to conduct Vedic mantras to reduce doshas in everyday life.

The procedures prior to upanayanam include udaka Shanthi, kalasha puja, naandi, puja, and yajna sthala preparation, redo of previous samskaras to relive his childhood days, and Pancha shikha ceremony. 
 The ceremony itself is elaborate and has many rites.
Prayer for moral upliftment during maunji bandhan is done. It is considered the one who purifies the mind and keeps away evil words and strengthens the vatu with each inhalation and exhalation. 
Ashmarohana is done stone as a symbol of fixity and firmness.
A staff or danda is another artifact given to the vatu usually from the tree of palasha. In the olden days, the danda was required for support, herding the cattle of guru, for personal protection during travels or entering a river, etc. This staff indicates that the vatu is now the custodian and transmitter of the Vedic culture. 
Girdle or mekhala or maunja is a girdle made of munja grass which is tied across the waist of the vatu. Originally it was meant to support the kaupina, a symbol of chastity. This triple corded girdle symbolizes that the student is always encircled by the three Vedas.
Yajnopavitha or the sacred thread made generally of cotton slung from above the left shoulder and below the right arm is the adornment of the vatu. The placement of it is different for different occasions as it marks the wearer as yajnopavitin, prachinavitin, and nivita. The knot binding the three cords called bramha granthi differs according to the pravaras. A married man is given the privilege two wear two janivaras, one for himself and one for his wife whereas the unmarried vatu wears one set of the sacred thread. Every vatu has to wear two pieces of clothing the lower 'vasa' and upper 'uttariya'. As a remnant of this practice, a small ajina is still tied to the janivara( sacred thread) of the vatu to date.
 Matru bhojana, where the vatu eats on the same plate as his mother for the last time as after upanayanam he is bound by conduct and codes that govern the Vedic life leaving behind the carefree ways of childhood. 
Then Gayatri mantropadesha is done after which the vatu is taught the meaning and ways of performing sandhyavandam and other important religious rites to be performed on a daily basis. He then performs homa and does bhikshatana ( beg for alms) starting with his mother and females of the family marking the beginning of the life of a student.

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