Celestial bodies have always been of great importance to many religions across the globe. Hinduism is no different in this aspect. For centuries, the astrological forecast and a few rituals in Hinduism have been based on the positioning of these celestial bodies and their collective influence on this world. Moon is one such celestial body that is important to Hinduism. There are beliefs and rituals centered around the waning and waxing qualities (Amavasya and Purnima days) of the moon. When the moon appears in its full glory, it is called Purnima and Amavasya when the moon is not fully visible. This is called the lunar cycle, which repeats itself every month.
Purnima and Amavasya Days
Purnima is a word derived from Sanskrit, which translates to a full moon. It is a tithi when the moon is at its full glory. It is a time of festivities and celebrations. A lot of Hindu festivals are around Purnima. Similarly, the word Amavasya comes from Sanskrit and refers to the lunar phase of a new moon. The Hindu calendar has 30 such lunar phases, and these phases are called tithis. It is believed that the evil forces are at their peak during Amavasya, and hence most of the Amavasyas are considered inauspicious except Karthika Amavasya, which occurs during Diwali. However, Amavasya is deemed to be a very auspicious time to remember and offer prayers to the forefathers.
Do’s and Don’ts on Amavasya and Purnima Days
What not to do on Amavasya Day?
Days with religious significance have their own set of rules. Amavasya is one of the many such days which holds a significant place in Hinduism. It is a day dedicated to ‘pitru‘. As per the customs and culture, a few activities are considered inauspicious during Amavasya.
Of the many things, the first is a broom. One is advised not to purchase a broom on the day of Amavasya. It is believed that purchasing a broom will upset Goddess Laxmi. This will stop the flow of wealth in the house. It also invites negative energy in the house that eventually disturbs the health and wealth of the family. The second is intoxication. One should refrain from buying or having alcohol on the day of Amavasya. Consuming alcohol will invite negative energy, which can haunt the person and the family for a long time. Other activities to avoid includes eating non-vegetarian, purchasing pooja items, purchasing food grains & flours, plucking basil (tulsi) leaves, marriages, and other auspicious ceremonies.
What should we do on Amavasya?
Hindu customary rituals also speak of the activities that one can perform on the day of Amavasya to get rid of negative energies and hardships. Since it is a day dedicated to ‘pitru’, one should therefore perform Shradh to offer prayers to the dead family members and take their blessings. Secondly, planting trees and plants is also considered an auspicious act. Next is, making generous donations to someone in need. This attracts positive energy. Also, it is believed that feeding five different fruits to cows and wheat flour balls to fish will usher good karma and prosperity in life. Meanwhile, some people also observe fasting on Amavasya to please the ancestors and gain good fortune.
Which god to worship on Amavasya?
Amavasya is considered a night when the evil spirits are the strongest. For this reason, no auspicious activity is performed on Amavasya. The belief is that if we start something new on this day, we might never get success in it. Goddess Kali and Lord Shiva are worshiped on this day to destroy the evil energies.
Amavasya Dates 2023 with Timings
Start & End Time
|Amavasya tithi in January, 2023 (Mauni Amavasya, Shani Amavasya)||Jan 21, 6:18 am – Jan 22, 2:23 am|
|Amavasya tithi in February 2023 (Somvati Amavasya)||Feb 19, 4:18 pm – Feb 20, 12:35 pm|
|Amavasya tithi in March, 2023 (Bhaumvati Amavasya)||Mar 21, 1:47 am – Mar 21, 10:53 pm|
|Amavasya tithi in April, 2023||Apr 19, 11:24 am – Apr 20, 9:42 am|
|Amavasya tithi in May, 2023||May 18, 9:43 pm – May 19, 9:23 pm|
|Amavasya tithi in June, 2023||Jun 17, 9:12 am – Jun 18, 10:07 am|
|Amavasya tithi in July, 2023 (Hariyali Amavasya, Somvati Amavasya)||Jul 16, 10:08 pm – Jul 18, 12:01 am|
|Amavasya tithi in August, 2023||Aug 15, 12:43 pm – Aug 16, 3:08 pm|
|Amavasya tithi in September, 2023||Sep 14, 4:49 am – Sep 15, 7:09 am|
|Amavasya tithi in October, 2023 (Mahalaya Amavasya, Shani Amavasya)||Oct 13, 9:51 pm – Oct 14, 11:25 pm|
|Amavasya tithi in November, 2023 (Somvati Amavasya)||Nov 12, 2:45 pm – Nov 13, 2:57 pm|
|Amavasya tithi in December, 2023 (Bhaumvati Amavasya)||Dec 12, 6:24 am – Dec 13, 5:02 am|
Amavasya Dates 2022 with Timings
You can find the details of Amavasya tithis in the table given below:
|Date||Day||Amavasya Type||Begin||End||Hindu Month/ Paksha|
|03:41 AM, Jan 02||12:02 AM, Jan 03||Pausha, Krishna Amavasya|
|31-01-2022||Monday||Darsha Amavasya||02:18 PM, Jan 31||11:15 AM, Feb 01||Magha, Krishna Amavasya|
|01-02-2022||Tuesday||Magha Amavasya||02:18 PM, Jan 31||11:15 AM, Feb 01||Magha, Krishna Amavasya|
|01:00 AM, Mar 02||11:04 PM, Mar 02||Phalguna, Krishna Amavasya|
|31-03-2022||Thursday||Darsha Amavasya||12:22 PM, Mar 31||11:53 AM, Apr 01||Chaitra, Krishna Amavasya|
|01-04-2022||Friday||Chaitra Amavasya||12:22 PM, Mar 31||11:53 AM, Apr 01||Chaitra, Krishna Amavasya|
|12:57 AM, Apr 30||01:57 AM, May 01||Vaishakha, Krishna Amavasya|
|02:54 PM, May 29||04:59 PM, May 30||Jyeshtha, Krishna Amavasya|
|05:52 AM, Jun 28||08:21 AM, Jun 29||Ashadha, Krishna Amavasya|
|09:11 PM, Jul 27||11:24 PM, Jul 28||Shravana, Krishna Amavasya|
|26-08-2022||Friday||Darsha Amavasya||12:23 PM, Aug 26||01:46 PM, Aug 27||Bhadrapada, Krishna Amavasya|
|27-08-2022||Saturday||Bhadrapada Amavasya||12:23 PM, Aug 26||01:46 PM, Aug 27||Bhadrapada, Krishna Amavasya|
|03:12 AM, Sep 25||03:23 AM, Sep 26||Ashwina, Krishna Amavasya|
|05:27 PM, Oct 24||04:18 PM, Oct 25||Kartika, Krishna Amavasya|
|06:53 AM, Nov 23||04:26 AM, Nov 24||Margashirsha, Krishna Amavasya|
|07:13 PM, Dec 22||03:46 PM, Dec 23||Pausha, Krishna Amavasya|
Amavasya Dates 2021 with Timings
|Month||Amavasya Start Date||Amavasya End Date||Hindu Masa||Timings|
|January||12-01-2021||13-01-2021||Pausha||Jan 12-12:22 PM- Jan 13 – 10:29 AM|
|February||11-02-2021||12-02-2021||Magha||Feb 11 – 01:08 AM – Feb 12 – 12:35 AM|
|March||12-03-2021||12-03-2021||Phalguna||Mar 12 -03:02 PM- Mar 03:50 PM|
|April||11-04-2021||12-04-2021||Chaitra||Apr 11 -06:03 AM- Apr 12- 08:00 AM|
|May||10-05-2021||12-05-2021||Vaishakha||May 10 – 09:55 PM – May 12 -12:29 AM|
|June||09-06-2021||10-06-2021||Jyeshtha||Jun 9 -01:57 PM – Jun 10 – 04:22 PM|
|July||09-07-2021||10-07-2021||Ashadha||Jul 9 – 05:16 AM – Jul 10 – 06:46 AM|
|August||07-08-2021||08-08-2021||Shravana||Aug 07 -07:11 PM – Aug 08 – 07:19 PM|
|September||06-09-2021||07-09-2021||Bhadrapada||Sep 06 -07:38 AM – Sep 07 – 06:21 AM|
|October||05-10-2021||06-10-2021||Ashwina||Oct 05 – 07:04 PM – Oct 06 – 04:34 PM|
|November||04-11-2021||05-11-2021||Kartika||Nov 04 – 06:03 AM – Nov 05 – 02:44 AM|
|December||03-12-2021||04-12-2021||Margashirsha||Dec 14 – 04:55 PM – Dec 14 – 01:12 PM|
What to do and not to do on Purnima Day?
Purnima holds a notable place in Hinduism. Astrological and religious viewpoints consider it to be an auspicious day. It is a day of birth, rebirth, creation, and manifestation. Keeping a fast on this day is an auspicious act. It is called Purnima Vrat. Meanwhile, individuals who keep Purnima Vrat takes a bath before sunrise. Thereafter they offer prayers to Lord Shiva and Lord Vishnu in the morning and Chandra Dev in the evening. The vrat is observed to receive blessings from the deities and bring peace and prosperity to one’s life and family.
Our puranas state that chanting Mahamrityunjaya and Gayatri mantra on Purnima day is important to receive the blessings of god. Also, it is advisable not to consume any non-vegetarian food on the day of Purnima. Furthermore, both Amavasya and Purnima days have this prohibition of non-vegeterian in common.
Pournami Dates 2022 with Timings
You can find the details of Amavasya tithis in the table given below:
|Date||Day||Pournima Type/Vrat||Begin||End||Hindu Month/ Paksha|
|17-01-2022||Monday||Pausha Purnima Vrat
|03:18 AM, Jan 17||05:17 AM, Jan 18||Pausha, Shukla Purnima|
|16-02-2022||Wednesday||Magha Purnima Vrat
|09:42 PM, Feb 15||10:25 PM, Feb 16||Magha, Shukla Purnima|
|17-03-2022||Thursday||Phalguna Purnima Vrat||01:29 PM, Mar 17||12:47 PM, Mar 18||Phalguna, Shukla Purnima|
|18-03-2022||Friday||Phalguna Purnima||01:29 PM, Mar 17||12:47 PM, Mar 18||Phalguna, Shukla Purnima|
|16-04-2022||Saturday||Chaitra Purnima Vrat
|02:25 AM, Apr 16||12:24 AM, Apr 17||Chaitra, Shukla Purnima|
|15-05-2022||Sunday||Vaishakha Purnima Vrat||12:45 PM, May 15||09:43 AM, May 16||Vaishakha, Shukla Purnima|
|16-05-2022||Monday||Vaishakha Purnima||12:45 PM, May 15||09:43 AM, May 16||Vaishakha, Shukla Purnima|
|14-06-2022||Tuesday||Jyeshtha Purnima Vrat
|09:02 PM, Jun 13||05:21 PM, Jun 14||Jyeshtha, Shukla Purnima|
|13-07-2022||Wednesday||Ashadha Purnima Vrat
|04:00 AM, Jul 13||12:06 AM, Jul 14||Ashadha, Shukla Purnima|
|11-08-2022||Thursday||Shravana Purnima Vrat||10:38 AM, Aug 11||07:05 AM, Aug 12||Shravana, Shukla Purnima|
|12-08-2022||Friday||Shravana Purnima||10:38 AM, Aug 11||07:05 AM, Aug 12||Shravana, Shukla Purnima|
|10-09-2022||Saturday||Bhadrapada Purnima Vrat
|06:07 PM, Sep 09||03:28 PM, Sep 10||Bhadrapada, Shukla Purnima|
|09-10-2022||Sunday||Ashwina Purnima Vrat
|03:41 AM, Oct 09||02:24 AM, Oct 10||Ashwina, Shukla Purnima|
|8-11-2022||Tuesday||Kartika Purnima Vrat
|04:15 PM, Nov 07||04:31 PM, Nov 08||Kartika, Shukla Purnima|
|07-12-2022||Wednesday||Margashirsha Purnima Vrat||08:01 AM, Dec 07||09:37 AM, Dec 08||Margashirsha, Shukla Purnima|
|08-12-2022||Thursday||Margashirsha Purnima||08:01 AM, Dec 07||09:37 AM, Dec 08||Margashirsha, Shukla Purnima|
Pournami Dates 2021 with Timings
|Month||Purnima Start Date||Pournami End Date||Hindu Masa||Timings|
|January||28-01-2021||29-01-2021||Pausha||Jan 28 – 01:17 AM – Jan 29 -12:45 AM|
|February||26-02-2021||27-02-2021||Magha||Feb 26 -03:49 PM- Feb 27 – 01:46 PM|
|March||28-03-2021||29-03-2021||Phalguna||Mar 28 – 03:27 AM – Mar 29 -12:17 AM|
|April||26-04-2021||27-04-2021||Chaitra||Apr 26 – 12:44 PM – Apr 27 – 09:01 AM|
|May||25-05-2021||26-05-2020||Vaishakha||May 25 – 08:29 PM – May 26 – 04:43 PM|
|June||24-06-2021||25-06-2020||Jyeshtha||Jun 24 – 03:32 AM – Jun 25 – 12:09 AM|
|July||23-07-2021||24-07-2020||Ashadha||Jul 23 – 10:43 AM – Jul 24 – 08:06 AM|
|August||21-08-2021||22-08-2020||Shravana||Aug 21 – 07:00 PM – Aug 22 05:31 PM|
|September||20-09-2021||21-09-2020||Bhadrapada||Sep 20 – 05:28 AM- Sep 21 – 05:24 AM|
|October||19-10-2021||20-10-2020||Ashwina||Oct 19 – 07:03 PM – Oct 20 – 08:26 PM|
|November||18-11-2021||19-11-2020||Kartika||Nov 18 – 12:00 PM – Nov 19 – 02:26 PM|
|December||18-12-2021||19-12-2020||Margashirsha||Dec 18 – 07:24 AM – Dec 19 – 10:05 AM|
PNP team hopes that this piece of content on convincingly explains the concept of Amavasya and Purnima days in the most simple way possible.