Chandramana Ugadi 2021 Date & Muhurat Timings:
Ugadi is celebrated on the first day of Chaitra Masa and falls in the month of 12th April 2021 as per the English calendar.
Pratipada Tithi Begins: 8:02 AM on April 12th, 2021
Pratipada Tithi Ends: 10:18 AM on April 13th, 2021
South Indian Style Ugadi Festival
Ugadi or Yugadi is the new year as per the Hindu calendar and it is very famous in south Indian states like Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and Tamilnadu. It is also known as “Gudi Padwa” in Maharashtra and “Nobo Borso” in West Bengal and is celebrated with much fervor and enthusiasm. “Yugadi” is derived from the Sanskrit words “yuga” which means age or era and “adi” means “to start” and so Yugadi specifies its meaning as “New Beginning”. It is mostly celebrated on “Chaitra Shukla Pratipada”. It is also having spirituality associated with this day as it is believed that Lord Brahma himself started creating mankind on this earth and made it habitable to survive and that day is celebrated as Yugadi. To pay him to respect people offer prayers to him and perform “Brahma Puja”.
Ugadi festival is declared by Gowthami Putra Shathakarni, in the 1st century. He is the first Telugu king, he did all small kingdoms into one kingdom that is Bharat Kandam. So that day we all are celebrating as a new year’s day. I.e Ugadi festival for Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Telangana states in India. This festival is celebrated in April. Yugadi is an integration of two words, The first word “Yug” means “age” and the second word “Adi” means “beginning”. On the first day of Chaitra month, we can celebrate the Ugadi festival. In south Indian people are believing that Lord Brahma created the universe on this day.
People apply castor oil or sesame oil to their head and body after a few minutes they will do the bath, then clean the house decorate the entire house and puja mandir with different flowers. Different dishes also prepared on this festival day with the combination of sweet, salty, hot, sour, tangy, and bitter. Finally, they will perform the puja with devotion. This puja will get wealth and prosperity.
This day starts by waking up early morning basically before sunrise and chant the mantras to pray the God. This process is assumed very important and pure which purifies the house and enables positivity everywhere. After this, each and every member of the family will have a ritualistic bath also known as “oil bath” or “Thailabhyangana Snanam”. It's assumed very auspicious if one bathes majorly with oil and even god photo frames and idols are given oil bath and then puja is organized after cleaning them and making them wear new clothes and as a customer to offer prasad after puja, this puja is also followed by special prasad known as “Bevu Bella” or “Ugadi Pachadi”.
Bevu Bella or Ugadi Pachadi
This is a special prasad made on the Ugadi day which is not sweet rather it is bitter and sweet in taste because it is made from six different items which include Neem leaves, Jaggery, Chillies, unripe mangoes, Salt and Tamarind. Ugadi Pachadi despite being a prasad it is more significant to one’s life as its bitter and sweet taste altogether defines that one’s life is full of up’s and down’s and we should taste and enjoy each phase of life with a smile on the face. Where “bevu” means bitter and “bella” means sweet and this dish is also sweet and bitter in taste. It is made from the buds of neem, tamarind, chili powder, jaggery, salt and unripe mangoes. The Ugadi day starts after consuming this dish. This teaches a person that life is full of up’s and down’s and we should enjoy both with a smile on our face. It is also known as Ugadi pachadi.
- Neem - Neem flowers and buds give a bitter taste which signifies unwanted or sad moments of life.
- Jaggery - This gives sweetness and signifies happy and loving moments of one’s life.
- Unripe mangoes - This provides tanginess to the prasad which means that we should accept each and every surprise in life.
- Chilies - It gives spice to the prasad and signifies our enraged or angry moments of life.
- Salt - This gives taste and makes us realize that without taste life doesn’t exist.
- Tamarind - The sour taste comes from this symbolizes us that we should always have something naughty and nostalgic in life otherwise life will become boring and lifeless.
- Rangoli: Making of rangoli is a custom which is performed in each and every house on this day and people make beautiful rangoli at the entrance of their house in the early morning. This is meant to welcome Lakshmi Maa inside the house and also to invite guests and loved ones. This also signifies the togetherness of people.
- Mango Leaves: The hanging of the mango leaves near the home door entrance is known as Toranam and Torana. Especially placing the mango leaves on the entrance will also signify the goddess Lakshmi, and it will help keep out negative energy.
- Panchanga Sravanam or Ugadi Panchangam Puja: This is a small ritual performed in each house basically after sunsets. It is in Panchanga puja in which a newly bought Panchanga of a new year is kept and decorated with flowers and kumkum Haldi with some akshatas and the small puja is performed. The puja is followed by reading the Panchanga for making future astrological announcements by the eldest person of the family and is accompanied by other members to listen and plan their schedule for the upcoming year.
- Chalivendram: This is one more ritual performed on this day when many people present water to the needy since its the start of summer and many people don’t have access to pure drinking water. This is a very nice gesture and along with a ritual which relaxes our soul too.
Significance Of Ugadi/Yugathi Festival
When a year comes to an end we start celebrating the arrival of the new year and wave off the ending year with a positive hope and sorrows of the passing year. The whole world celebrates this on the last day of the year i.e. 31st December but we Indians are traditional as well as modern simultaneously and so we celebrate both the cultures in our own ways, and one such culture is the “Ugadi festival”. Despite celebrating 31st December we celebrate the Ugadi day with much fervor and enthusiasm.
“Ugadi” is celebrated as the new year in all over India with different names and customs and is very famous basically in south India. It is among one of the most famous festivals of Karnataka, Tamilnadu and Andhra Pradesh. This is also celebrated as “Gudi Padwa” in Maharashtra and many more.
Festivals are celebrated to enjoy the spirituality and festivity with the whole family but they always have some significance which defines the existence of these festivals. Same as all others, Ugadi is also significant with our history and customs and as per the astrological evidence, our earth goes into a transition on the day of Ugadi. Especially Panchanga Sravanam, about astrology of the entire year depending on once Rashi is studied.
It is said that the earth moves on this day in such a way that the northern hemisphere receives maximum sun rays for 21 days and also marks the beginning of the spring season on earth. This season is also known as the season of greeneries and leaves and fresh air during which new leaves and flowers blossoms and fruits start to produce buds. This 21 days transition energizes the earth and prepares it again for the upcoming year.
Chaitra Navaratri also starts on the day of Ugadi which is celebrated for nine days and the tenth day is celebrated as “Sri Ramnavami”. Chaitra Navratri is celebrated and quite famous in North India.
Ugadi is also known as “Yugadi” where “yuga” means age or time and “Adi” means the beginnings. It is believed that Lord Brahma started making the entire world on this day and framed the years, months, days and many more and thus gave birth to live on this earth.
How Do We Celebrate Ugadi Festival?
Telugu Ugadi is a festival in which people pray and offer prayers to Lord Vishnu and Brahma as they are the creator of this earth. Being a special day the ladies of the house have an early bath and prepares rangoli in different colors in front of their house. These colors are said to provide positive vibes to the house. Having an oil bath is also a tradition followed in each and every household and even god idol’s are also provided with oil baths and then prayers are carried out altogether. In this puja, one special Prasada is being served which is known as “Bevu Bella”.
On this day a special custom is being practiced when the priests or eldest member of the family read the Panchang and announces important dates and festivals for the upcoming year and this process is called as “Panchanga Shravanam”.
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