Pitru Paksha is a sixteen-day session in which Hindus tribute and grants attentiveness to their antecedents. On the first Purnima along with Vinayaka Chavithi, this period begins and it ends on Peddala Amavasya. There is no specific place where this Pitru Paksha is celebrated. From 2nd September 2020 to 17th September 2021 Shraddhas are performed. Sarva Pitru Shraddha/Amavasa or Mahalaya Amavasya is celebrated on 17th September, 2020 on Thursday.
About Pitru Dosh
Pitru Dosha is generated in a Horoscope, and it is a negative hatha yoga if Rahu is positioned in either the 2nd, 4th, 5th, or the 9th House. Due to these placing of Rahu, one may not be free to extend significant success even with having a lot of talent and capacity. If someone is facing various problems it is called Pitru dosha.
Date and Time
In 2021, Shraddha starts on 20th September 2021 (Monday) and end on 6th October 2021 ( Wednesday ).
The untimely death of anyone gives us pain and sufferings but the same happens with them too because it is said that a body dies but souls don’t. souls exist till the end of this universe and if any dies with premature death one must be set free to take another birth in the form of a new human being. An unsatisfied soul is more and more in pain than its family members so its the responsibility of its family members to relive it from this immortal world. In Hinduism, a 13-day process is already in existence to offer prayers to our loved one’s soul when they leave us but when a person suffers an untimely death, in that case, the 13-day process is not advised. People perform Pitru Paksha Puja mainly in the Badrapadha month in lunar eclipse i.e the second half of the month(Krishna Paksha). The 15 Lunar days are called as Prathama, Dwitiya, Tritiya, Chaturthi, Panchami, Shashthi, Saptami, Ashtami, Navami, Dhasami, Ekadashi, Dwadashi, Trayodashi, Chaturdashi, Amavasya.
In all tithi of this period of pitru paksha father parental group and mother parental group. Mother side: wife, son, paternal cousin, maternal brother, father sisters, mother sisters, and father in law.
|20-09- 2021||Monday||Shukla Purnima||Purnima Shraddha|
|21- 09-2021||Tuesday||Krishna Pratipada||Pratipada Shraddha|
|22- 09-2021||Wednesday||Krishna Dwitiya||Dwitiya Shraddha|
|23-09-2021||Thursday||Krishna Tritiya||Tritiya Shraddha|
|24- 09-2021||Friday||Bharani Nakshatra||Maha Bharani|
|24-09-2021||Friday||Krishna Chaturthi||Chaturthi Shraddha|
|25-09- 2021||Saturday||Krishna Panchami||Panchami Shraddha|
|26-09-2021||Sunday||Krishna Shashthi||Shashthi Shraddha|
|28-09-2021||Tuesday||Krishna Saptami||Saptami Shraddha|
|29-09-2021||Wednesday||Krishna Ashtami||Ashtami Shraddha|
|30-09-2021||Thursday||Krishna Navami||Navami Shraddha|
|01-10-2021||Friday||Krishna Dashami||Dashami Shraddha|
|02-10-2021||Saturday||Krishna Ekadashi||Ekadashi Shraddha|
|03-10-2021||Sunday||Magha Nakshatra||Magha Shraddha|
|03-10-2021||Sunday||Krishna Dwadashi||Dwadashi Shraddha|
|04-10-2021||Monday||Krishna Trayodashi||Trayodashi Shraddha|
|05-10-2021||Tuesday||Krishna Chaturdashi||Chaturdashi Shraddha|
|06-10-2021||Wednesday||Krishna Amavasya||Sarva Pitru Amavasya|
Week Days Benefits
Monday - good fortune
Tuesday - victory
Wednesday - fulfillment desire
Thursday - obtaining knowledge
Friday - acquire knowledge
Saturday - long life
Sunday - health
Significance of Pitru Paksha Pooja
As per Garuda Puran, it’s advised to perform the shradh rituals in the first year of the death of an individual because after departing he gets the food to eat after a gap of one complete year. Basically it is believed, when a person departs 13-days last rites are performed by its family members and food is offered to him. After 13 days the soul starts its journey and reaches Yamlok in eleven(11) months and in the last one month(12th) he reaches to the court of yam. Then only he gets the food to eat. This is the reason performing shradh is very important.
Amavasya also called Mahalaya Amavasya is dedicated to the departed souls. When you leave this body you are guided into another world by a set of Devas or Angels. Pururava, Vishvedeva - these are their names. They come and guide you from one level to another level. Mahalaya Amavasya is the day when you remember all the departed souls and thank them and wish peace for them.
There is an ancient tradition in which the family members take a few sesame seeds and a little bit of rice, and then they think of their ancestors and say, ‘May you be contented, may you be contented, may you be contented.’ They say this three times and then they drop the little grains of sesame seeds with some water.
The significance of this ritual is to tell the departed that – If you still have some desires in your mind, know that they are like sesame seeds. They are not significant, just drop them. We will take care of them for you. You will be free, happy and contented! There is huge universe in front of you. The universe is infinite, so look forward and go; drop whatever is pulling you back. This is called Tarpana.
Tarpana means bringing satisfaction and fulfillment to the departed. It is done to tell them to be contented and move further. Water is a symbol of love. To give anyone water means giving love. In Sanskrit, Ap means water and it also means love. And in Sanskrit someone who is very dear is called Apta. So, in their memory, you give them water as a symbol of love and life and that is why this is called Mahalaya Amavasya. On this day think of all your ancestors.
In Vedic tradition, three generations on the mother's side and father's side are remembered, and all other friends, relatives, and anyone who has crossed over to the other side. Think of them and tell them to be satisfied. Usually, in their memory, people also do some charity, by giving food to some people and to animals..."
Significance of Mahalaya Amavasya
Mahalaya amavasya marks the end of pitru paksha. It's a prominent day also known as sarvapitri amavasya or sarvapitru moksha amavasya. It is believed that Goddess Durga descended on earth on this day. This is the day where one can fulfill the duty to one's ancestors by performing shraddha irrespective of time, date, and nature of the death of the ancestor. It is one type of Paarvana shraddha. On this day shraddha, tarpan is performed. This day is suitable for performing apara karma for all ancestors or family members whose date of death has either been forgotten or not known. along with those who deceased on Amavasya, Chaturdashi, and Purnima. If one has not been able to perform rituals on all the other days of pitru paksha then too it can be performed on this day. it is believed that on this day the pithrus return back to Pithu Loka, hence they are specially worshipped, adored, and sent on their way. Apart from vaidik practices, it is common for the family to visit the burial ground of their family, clean it, and perform pitru paksha puja and offer various eatables to appease the deceased on that day. Mahalaya Amavasya 2021 falls on 06/10/2021, Wednesday.
Mahalaya Paksha tarpanam
Pitru Tarpana is a special offering of water and black gingelly seeds to the pitrus. Without tarpana, the shraddha is rendered incomplete. Although tarpana can be given on all Amavasya (new moon) and eclipses, the mahalaya paksha tarpana has a significant role. It is given under the direction of learned scholars facing south direction. It bestows long life, radiance, superior intellect (brahmavarchaswa), wealth, success, and good pachana (ability to digest the food consumed) on the performer. Tarpana is given by reciting the mahalaya tarpana mantra.
Lunar Tithi Benefits
|Prathama||Gaming a good fortune and ability to give birth to healthy baby|
|Dwitiya||Conceiving baby girl|
|Chaturthi||Acquiring cattle wealth|
|Panchami||conceiving a bright male child|
|Shashthi||A good looking male child|
|Saptami||Acquiring farm and land|
|Ashtami||Obtaining success in business|
|Navami||Acquiring business improvement|
|Dhasami||Expansion of latte|
|Ekadashi||Acquiring clothes and other luxurious|
|Dwadashi||Acquiring gold and silver|
|Trayodashi||Gaining superiority in community|
|Chaturdashi||Gaining good citizens persons who died in battle field|
|Amavasya||Fulfillment of all wishes|
Shardha is done in four steps:
- Vishwadeva Sthapana - This specifies the process of consulting a professional priest and collect all the other required materials to perform the ritual.
- Pindadan - Food is offered to the souls made up of rice, barley, cow milk, honey, ghee, and sugar in a round-shaped ball.
- Tarpan - Tarpan is offering water along with sesame seeds, barley, kush grass and white flours.
- Feeding of brahmins - Finally, food is offered to Brahmins as gratitude.
Each month in a year has two equal days paksha, one is Shukla paksha and another one is Krishna paksha. In India, North Indians perform this in the Krishna paksha of Ashwin months and South Indian perform this in the Krishna paksha of Bhadrapada month. Last day of Krishna paksha is known as Sarvpitri Amavasya or Mahalaya Amavasya and it also marks the beginning of Durga Puja.
Kind act of paying the ultimate token of respect to ancestors through offerings mainly food (pindam). Considered to be one of the most significant religious act an individual should perform in life- dedicating a few days annually from a busy schedule to honor one's ancestors thereby seeking blessings of past generations.
The period for performing "shraddha" this year is calendered from 02 September 2020 – 17 September 2020. Celebration extends to two weeks ending on day of sarvapitri Amavasya.Final day seems to be most auspicious for offerings.
The ceremony is best when performed in the presence of purohit. We Puja N Pujari have lined up our team of purohits to guide devotees making homages comply with vedic standards.
Shradh Pooja Samagri
Occurrence: Shradh pooja also known as pitru paksha is a special puja organized to pay homage and respects to our ancestors. This puja can be done in a specified time period which starts from first day of Ashwin month till Amavasya or new moon day (As per North Indian calendar) whereas as per south Indian calendar it starts from the new moon day of Bhadrapada month.
Beliefs: This puja is done by the deceased relatives to offer food, fruits and other items to the sages or brahmins and pacify the soul of the deceased.
Offerings: To pacify the souls of our ancestors shradh puja is done with minute details in a procedural manner.
What to Donate in Shradh?
Donating auspicious items in shradh puja helps get rid of “pitru dosha”. Each of the items has their own significance as per the mythological beliefs and preferences. Puja N Pujari team has listed those puja items for our dedicated customers which can benefit them as and when required.
- Jaggery - It helps fight impoverishment and blesses with wealth and happiness.
- Land - Offering land to a sage helps you grow financially.
- Gold - It reduces disharmony in the house and helps establish a peaceful relationship among family members.
- Cow - Giving cow as a gift to others helps you by giving name, fame and all wordily pleasures as it is one of the purest donation to be made by anyone.
- Food Grains - It imparts prosperity.
- Ghee - Offering ghee to a sage helps you grow in all perspectives of life.
- Salt - Salt pacifies the souls of our ancestors and thus they blesses us with boons.
- Clothes - Always a pair of clothes is being gifted to the sages which blesses with prosperity and mental peace.
- Silver - Offering silver also pacifies the souls of our ancestors and gives them relief from pain.
- Sesame seeds - Offering sesame seeds protects us from any kind of dangers.
Do's & Dont's
Use cow milk, cow curd and cow milk ghee.
A recent motherly cow should not be prefered for sharadh rituals processes
Use mustard, barley, peas and kangani, seasame in the rituals
Don’t use meat, chicken, eggs for the rituals.
Use gold, copper, silver and bronze utensils for the rituals.
Never use iron as it disturbs the departed souls.
Importance of doing Shradh (death rituals)
When a person dies whichever way he dies any of you in India it is not a reality but if you have seen death close up someone close to you died and you are supposed to sit and watch nobody leaves a dead body alone someone has to be there. If you have sat there if you keep the body for over two days or three days you will see the hair will grow only if a person is shaving you will notice it , because the facial hair can be noticed, nails will grow.
Can Daughters do shradh?
Yes, they certainly can. Be it a male or female every son/daughter has equal rights to perform the shradh puja for his/her parents.
Shradh is meant to provide tharpanam to the deceased soul for its rebirth and free flow from this universe for ever and if it is done by anyone else other than their own family members then how a deceased will get tharpanma? So, It is always advised that shradh puja must be done by ones own family members to attain “pitru tharpanam” and so be it a girl or a boy they are equally eligible for that.
Places For Shradh Puja
- Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh
- Prayaga (Allahabad), Uttar Pradesh
- Gaya, Bihar
- Kedarnath, Uttarakhand
- Badrinath, Uttarakhand
- Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu
- Gokarn, Town in Karnataka
- Nasik, Maharashtra
- Kapal Mochan Sarovar, Yamuna Nagar, Haryana
If pitru tharpanam is done by a female then one must use white sesame seeds in the shradh puja instead of black sesame seeds.