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What is Ekadashi? 

Ekadashi is the 11th day of the full-moon and new-moon lunar cycles. The day also has spiritual significance, since it represents our body's 11 senses - mind, five action organs, and five sense organs. Hence, it is auspicious to fast on this day to reign in your sense organs to have a healthy mind and body.

Ekadashi is also associated with the worship of Lord Vishnu, who is the protector of all realms. Fasting on this day with his name on lips is said to bring one closer to attaining moksha.

There also exists a scientific reason behind fasting on Ekadashi. Our body transforms every mandala that spans across 48 days. During the process, sages and seers opine that fasting for a minimum of three days with a regular interval between each fasting is a sure-shot way of staying in good health.

Ekadashi caters specifically to this rule. There are three Ekadashi's that occur in a Mandala. Fasting on Ekadashi makes it easier for individuals to keep track without worrying about mandalas and the other intricate details, which is again a blog for another day. 

Types of Ekadashi

We have 24 Ekadashi's in a year, according to the lunar calendar. Each Ekadashi is unique, and depending on the season, different fasting rule applies to each. Few of them are:

  • Putrada Ekadashi: Occurring mostly in January, for those wanting to conceive, this is the most auspicious day to go one fasting to seek blessings from Lord Vishnu for a progeny.
  • Satilla Ekadashi: During this Ekadashi people, donate and receive 'Til' or sesame seeds, and other food items. Hence, the name. Offering guava, pumpkin, and coconut to god is auspicious on this day.
  • Amalaki Ekadashi: Amla, or the gooseberry, is one of Lord Vishnu's most favorite fruit. On this day, people consume Amla's food, worship the amla tree, and donate Amla for the general well-being.
  • Papamochini Ekadashi: During the month of Chaitra, people celebrate Papamochini Ekadashi. Fasting on the day gets rid of one of all their sins.
  • Varuthini Ekadashi: Observing fasting on this day is the equivalent of performing penance for ten thousand years. It is auspicious to offer anna daana to Brahmins.
  • Nirjala Ekadashi: The toughest Ekadashi of all, Nirjala Ekadashi, says devotee can have only a single drop of water during the entire fasting hours. For those who cannot follow this, only one meal is allowed per day.
  • Aja Ekadashi: Fasting on Aja Ekadashi destroys the sins of seven previous births. Corriander seeds with grains are offered to the lord during worship. Ancient scriptures forbid people from having betel leaves and areca nut on this day.
  • Mokshada or Vaikunta Ekadashi: Fasting on this auspicious day and chanting Lord Vishnu's name helps one attain moksha.

Ekadashi Vrat

Ekadashi Vrat is auspicious and is one the most spiritual and scientific way of keeping your senses active. Millions of people across the globe follow fasting for various religious and health benefits. Anyone, women, men, and even children, between the age of eight till eighty, can choose to follow the vrat to attain its benefits.

Ekadashi Fasting & Customs

Do's

  • If you cannot follow Nirjal Ekadashi, you can consume non-grains food like water, milk, fruits, cooked or raw vegetables, nuts.
  • Start the fast with the sunrise after reciting Vishnu mantra - Om Namo Bhagavathe Vasudevaya, as a dedication to Vishnu.
  • Indulge in charitable activities and focus on spreading positivity around you.
  • Visit temples and do spend time reading religious scriptures like Bhagavad Geeta to earn good karma.

Dont's

  • Customs dictate that pregnant's, sick, and people who have crossed eighty years should not observe fasting.
  • Do not consume grains, meat, or any tamasic food that includes onion and garlic if you cannot follow nirjal Ekadashi.
  • The fasting should start with the sunrise on Ekadashi and end with the sunrise on the next day.
  • Do not engage in verbal battles, deceit, lying, or any other negative activities.
  • Smoking and Drinking are prohibited during Ekadashi.

Food to Eat on Ekadashi

Ekadashi is a day dedicated to fasting. Certain people who have the stamina will go on water-less fasting from sunrise till next day sunrise. For people who cannot fast without water, they can consume the following food.

  • The first level of fasting is nirjal or without drinking even a drop of water.
  • The second level is consuming only water.
  • If you cannot sustain on water alone, then you are allowed to have milk and fruits.
  • The next option is to have non-grains food items such as boiled vegetables, soups, fruit and vegetable juice, dry fruits, roots, raw vegetable salad, etc. Take care not to consume onion and garlic in any form; in short, avoid all thamasic food.
  • The last option is to consume any of the above three times in a day while avoiding all grains, including rice, wheat, ragi, barley, jowar, etc. and food made of flour of these items like chapati, poori, and others.
  • Avoid consuming any form of meat, hing, mustard seeds, food grains, pulses, and even prasadam containing any or all of the above.

Fasting on Ekadashi loads you with health advantages. Our weel-learned sages did not recommend the custom without rhyme or reason. Start the Ekadashi fasting from this month and share your experience and the benefits with the world around you. 

Ekadashi dates in 2020     

Date Day Type Begins Ends
06-Jan-20 Monday Pausha Putrada Ekadashi 03:06 AM - 6th January  04:02 AM -7th January 
20-Jan-20 Monday Shattila Ekadashi 02:51 AM - 20th January  02:05 AM - 21st January 
05-Feb-20 Wednesday Jaya Ekadashi 21:49 PM - 4th February 21:30 PM - 5th February
19-Feb-20 Wednesday Vijaya Ekadashi 14:32 PM -18th February 15:02 PM - 19th February
06-Mar-20 Friday Amalaki Ekadashi 13:18 PM  - 5th March 11:47 AM - 6th  March
19-Mar-20 Thursday Papmochani Ekadashi  04:26 AM - 19th March   05:59 AM - 20th March 
20-Mar-20 Friday Vaishnava Papmochani Ekadashi  04:26 AM - 19th March   05:59 AM - 20th March 
April 4, 2020 Saturday Kamada Ekadashi 00:58 AM - 4th April 10:30 PM - 4th April
April 18, 2020 Saturday Varuthini Ekadashi 20:03 PM - 17th April  22:17 PM - 18th April 
03-May-20 Sunday Mohini Ekadashi  09:09 AM - 3rd May  06:12 AM - 4th May 
04-May-20 Monday Gauna Mohini Ekadashi  09:09 AM - 3rd May  06:12 AM - 4th May 
18-May-20 Monday Apara Ekadashi 12:42 PM - 17th May  15:08 PM - 18th May 
02-Jun-20 Tuesday Nirjala Ekadashi 14:57 PM - 1st June  12:04 AM - 2nd June 
17-Jun-20 Wednesday Yogini Ekadashi 05:40 AM - 16th June 07:50 AM - 17th June
01-Jul-20 Wednesday Devshayani Ekadashi 19:49 PM - 30th June  17:29 PM - 1st July 
16-Jul-20 Thursday Kamika Ekadashi 22:19 PM - 15th July  23:44 PM - 16th July 
30-Jul-20 Thursday Shravana Putrada Ekadashi 01:16 AM - 30th July 23:49 PM - 30th July
15-Aug-20 Saturday Aja Ekadashi 14:01 PM - 14th August  14:20 PM - 15th August 
29-Aug-20 Saturday Parsva Ekadashi 08:38 AM - 28th August  08:17 AM - 29th August 
13-Sep-20 Sunday Indira Ekadashi 04:13 AM - 13th September 03:16 AM - 14th September
27-Sep-20 Sunday Padmini Ekadashi 18:59 PM - 26th September 19:46 PM - 27th September
13-Oct-20 Tuesday Parama Ekadashi  16:38 PM - 12th October 14:35 PM - 13th October
27-Oct-20 Tuesday Papankusha Ekadashi 09:00 AM - 26th October 10:46 AM - 27th October
11-Nov-20 Wednesday Rama Ekadashi 03:22 AM - 11th November 00:40 AM - 12th November
25-Nov-20 Wednesday Devutthana Ekadashi 02:42 AM - 25th November 05:10 AM - 26th November
26-Nov-20 Thursday Vaishnava Devutthana Ekadashi 02:42 AM - 25th November 05:10 AM - 26th November
11-Dec-20 Friday Utpanna Ekadashi 12:51 AM - 10th December 10:04 AM - 11th December
25-Dec-20 Friday Mokshada Ekadashi 23:17 PM - 24th December  01:54 AM - 26th December


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  • User Avatar
    aravind
    03/12/2020 1:51:08 PM

    Should we not supposed to eat rice on ekadashi?

  • User Avatar
    kapil prabhakar
    19/11/2020 2:12:29 PM

    Is their any ways or methods to worship Lord Vishnu in Ekadashi?

  • User Avatar
    vani
    14/11/2020 9:56:54 AM

    Is Their any benefits of fasting on Ekadashi?

  • User Avatar
    Ravi
    10/11/2020 12:35:25 PM

    Why is the Vaikunta Ekadashi is important on Ekadashi?

    • User Avatar
      Rameshwara Sastry
      12/11/2020 8:14:03 AM

      Vaikuntha Ekadashi dedicated to lord Vishnu. And it is one of the important days for Hindus. Vaikuntha Ekadashi will occurs according Hindu calendar, in the month of Margashirsha that is between December and January. When observed, it bestows liberation from the cycle of birth and death. Ekadashi, instead, beseeched Vishnu that people who observed a fast on that day should be redeemed of their sins.

  • User Avatar
    Venu
    16/10/2020 8:33:05 AM

    What not to eat in Ekadashi?

    • User Avatar
      Rameshwara Sastry
      12/11/2020 8:14:48 AM

      Do not consume grains, meat, or any tamasic food that includes onion and garlic if you cannot follow nirjal Ekadashi.

  • User Avatar
    paul
    10/10/2020 11:09:51 AM

    Why is Ekadashi so important in India, and why do Indian's fast on these days?

    • User Avatar
      Rameshwara Sastry
      16/10/2020 6:24:22 AM

      The spiritual and scientific way of keeping your senses active. Millions of people across the globe follow fasting for various religious and health benefits. Anyone, women, men, and even children, between the age of eight till eighty, can choose to follow the vrat to attain its benefits.