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What is Ekadashi? 

Ekadashi is the 11th day of the full-moon and new-moon lunar cycles. The day also has spiritual significance, since it represents our body's 11 senses - mind, five action organs, and five sense organs. Hence, it is auspicious to fast on this day to reign in your sense organs to have a healthy mind and body.

Ekadashi is also associated with the worship of Lord Vishnu, who is the protector of all realms. Fasting on this day with his name on lips is said to bring one closer to attaining moksha.

There also exists a scientific reason behind fasting on Ekadashi. Our body transforms every mandala that spans across 48 days. During the process, sages and seers opine that fasting for a minimum of three days with a regular interval between each fasting is a sure-shot way of staying in good health.

Ekadashi caters specifically to this rule. There are three Ekadashi's that occur in a Mandala. Fasting on Ekadashi makes it easier for individuals to keep track without worrying about mandalas and the other intricate details, which is again a blog for another day. 

Types of Ekadashi

We have 24 Ekadashi's in a year, according to the lunar calendar. Each Ekadashi is unique, and depending on the season, different fasting rule applies to each. Few of them are:

  • Putrada Ekadashi: Occurring mostly in January, for those wanting to conceive, this is the most auspicious day to go one fasting to seek blessings from Lord Vishnu for a progeny.
  • Satilla Ekadashi: During this Ekadashi people, donate and receive 'Til' or sesame seeds, and other food items. Hence, the name. Offering guava, pumpkin, and coconut to god is auspicious on this day.
  • Amalaki Ekadashi: Amla, or the gooseberry, is one of Lord Vishnu's most favorite fruit. On this day, people consume Amla's food, worship the amla tree, and donate Amla for the general well-being.
  • Papamochini Ekadashi: During the month of Chaitra, people celebrate Papamochini Ekadashi. Fasting on the day gets rid of one of all their sins.
  • Varuthini Ekadashi: Observing fasting on this day is the equivalent of performing penance for ten thousand years. It is auspicious to offer anna daana to Brahmins.
  • Nirjala Ekadashi: The toughest Ekadashi of all, Nirjala Ekadashi, says devotee can have only a single drop of water during the entire fasting hours. For those who cannot follow this, only one meal is allowed per day.
  • Aja Ekadashi: Fasting on Aja Ekadashi destroys the sins of seven previous births. Corriander seeds with grains are offered to the lord during worship. Ancient scriptures forbid people from having betel leaves and areca nut on this day.
  • Mokshada or Vaikunta Ekadashi: Fasting on this auspicious day and chanting Lord Vishnu's name helps one attain moksha.

Ekadashi Vrat January 2021

Ekadashi Vrat is auspicious and is one the most spiritual and scientific way of keeping your senses active. Millions of people across the globe follow fasting for various religious and health benefits. Anyone, women, men, and even children, between the age of eight till eighty, can choose to follow the vrat to attain its benefits.

Ekadashi Fasting & Customs


  • If you cannot follow Nirjal Ekadashi, you can consume non-grains food like water, milk, fruits, cooked or raw vegetables, nuts.
  • Start the fast with the sunrise after reciting Vishnu mantra - Om Namo Bhagavathe Vasudevaya, as a dedication to Vishnu.
  • Indulge in charitable activities and focus on spreading positivity around you.
  • Visit temples and do spend time reading religious scriptures like Bhagavad Geeta to earn good karma.


  • Customs dictate that pregnant's, sick, and people who have crossed eighty years should not observe fasting.
  • Do not consume grains, meat, or any tamasic food that includes onion and garlic if you cannot follow nirjal Ekadashi.
  • The fasting should start with the sunrise on Ekadashi and end with the sunrise on the next day.
  • Do not engage in verbal battles, deceit, lying, or any other negative activities.
  • Smoking and Drinking are prohibited during Ekadashi.

Food to Eat on Ekadashi

Ekadashi is a day dedicated to fasting. Certain people who have the stamina will go on water-less fasting from sunrise till next day sunrise. For people who cannot fast without water, they can consume the following food.

  • The first level of fasting is nirjal or without drinking even a drop of water.
  • The second level is consuming only water.
  • If you cannot sustain on water alone, then you are allowed to have milk and fruits.
  • The next option is to have non-grains food items such as boiled vegetables, soups, fruit and vegetable juice, dry fruits, roots, raw vegetable salad, etc. Take care not to consume onion and garlic in any form; in short, avoid all thamasic food.
  • The last option is to consume any of the above three times in a day while avoiding all grains, including rice, wheat, ragi, barley, jowar, etc. and food made of flour of these items like chapati, poori, and others.
  • Avoid consuming any form of meat, hing, mustard seeds, food grains, pulses, and even prasadam containing any or all of the above.

Fasting on Ekadashi loads you with health advantages. Our weel-learned sages did not recommend the custom without rhyme or reason. Start the Ekadashi fasting from this month and share your experience and the benefits with the world around you. 

Check the TTD Crowd Status on Vaikunta Ekadashi 

Ekadashi Dates & Timings for Every Month - 2021     

Date Day Type Begins Ends
09-Jan-21 Saturday Saphala Ekadashi 09:40 PM - 8th January  07:17 PM -9th January 
24-Jan-21 Sunday Pausha Putrada Ekadashi 08:56 PM - 23rd January  10:57 PM- 24th January 
07-Feb-21 Sunday Shattila Ekadashi 06:26 AM - 7th February 04:47 AM - 8th February
08-Feb-21 Monday Vaishnava Shattila Ekadashi 06:26 AM - 7th February 04:47 AM - 8th February
23-Feb-21 Tuesday Jaya Ekadashi  05:16 PM  - 22nd February 06:05 PM  - 23rd February
09-Mar-21 Tuesday Vijaya Ekadashi 03:44 PM - 8th March   03:02 PM - 9th March 
25-Mar-21 Thursday Amalaki Ekadashi 10:23 AM - 24th March   09:47 AM - 25th March 
07-April-21 Wednesday Papmochani Ekadashi 02:09 AM - 7th April 02:28 AM - 8th April
23-April-21 Friday Kamada Ekadashi 11:35 PM - 22nd April 09:47 PM - 23rd April
07-May-21 Friday Varuthini Ekadashi  02:10 PM - 6th May  03:32 PM - 7th May 
22-May-21 Saturday Mohini Ekadashi 09:15 AM - 22nd May  06:42 AM - 23rd May 
23-May-21 Sunday Vaishnava Mohini Ekadashi 09:15 AM - 22nd May  06:42 AM - 23rd May 
06-Jun-21 Sunday Apara Ekadashi 04:07 AM - 5th June  06:19 AM - 6th June 
21-Jun-21 Monday Nirjala Ekadashi 04:21 PM - 20th June 01:31 PM - 21st June
05-Jul-21 Monday Yogini Ekadashi 07:55 PM - 4th June  10:30 PM - 5th July 
20-Jul-21 Tuesday Devshayani Ekadashi 09:59 PM - 19th July  07:17 PM - 20th July 
04-Aug-21 Wednesday Kamika Ekadashi 12:59 PM - 3rd August  03:17 - 4th August 
18-Aug-21 Wednesday Shravana Putrada Ekadashi 03:20 AM - 18th August  01:05 AM - 19th August 
03-Sep-21 Friday Aja Ekadashi 06:21 AM - 2nd September 07:44 AM - 3rd September
17-Sep-21 Friday Parsva Ekadashi 09:36 AM - 16th September 08:07 AM - 17th September
02-Oct-21 Saturday Indira Ekadashi  11:03 PM - 1st October 11:10 PM - 2nd October
16-Oct-21 Saturday Papankusha Ekadashi  06:02 PM - 15th October 05:37 PM - 16th October
01-Nov-21 Monday Rama Ekadashi 02:27 PM- 31st October 01:21 PM - 1st November
15-Nov-21 Monday Devutthana Ekadashi 05:48 AM - 14th November 06:39 AM - 15th November
30-Nov-21 Tuesday Utpanna Ekadashi 04:13 AM - 30th November 02:13 AM- 1st December
14-Dec-21 Tuesday Mokshada Ekadashi 09:32 PM - 13th December  11:35 PM - 14th December
25-Dec-21 Thursday Saphala Ekadashi  04:12 PM- 29th December 01:40 PM - 30th December


Post comment

  • User Avatar
    27/07/2021 9:54:12 AM

    Which ekadashi type more powerfull.

    • User Avatar
      Karthik Swamy
      13/08/2021 12:38:44 PM

      Nirjala Ekadashi has the most powerfull among all the 24 Ekadashis

  • User Avatar
    22/06/2021 4:47:02 PM

    what is nirjala ekadashi ?

  • User Avatar
    26/05/2021 3:26:04 PM

    On 6th June when to begin and end ekadashi fast

  • User Avatar
    24/03/2021 5:44:18 AM

    Can we eat kuttu aata ki poori and sendha namak on ekadashi

  • User Avatar
    09/03/2021 7:01:04 AM

    What is Vijaya Ekadashi Puja? How to perform the vrat on this day ?

  • User Avatar
    18/02/2021 3:05:44 PM

    What is the importance of Ashadhi Ekadashi?

  • User Avatar
    08/02/2021 6:54:17 AM

    What are the ekadashi fasting benefits ?

  • User Avatar
    03/02/2021 2:41:04 PM

    What is the meaning shattila ekadashi?

  • User Avatar
    Shree Lakshmi
    01/02/2021 2:14:33 PM

    Is the Ekadashi vrat customs will varies for different types ekadsahis or same ekadashi fasting custom we can follow.

  • User Avatar
    28/01/2021 11:28:29 AM

    what is Satilla Ekadashi? is their any specific vrat method we should follow on this Satilla Ekadashi.

  • User Avatar
    19/01/2021 9:31:58 AM

    Is the Ekadashi Fasting and Vrat Customs is only for female, a male can also follow this.

  • User Avatar
    19/01/2021 9:18:49 AM

    Is there any specific Ekadashi fasting rules on Pausha Putrada Ekadashi Vrat.

  • User Avatar
    22/12/2020 1:59:41 PM

    Is their any special customs , that we should follow on vaikunta ekadasi fasting procedure ?

    • User Avatar
      Satish Sastri
      16/01/2021 6:28:14 AM

      Yes, sri vishnu pooja. Ekadasi procedure has to be followed for aii 26 ekadashi of the vedic year

  • User Avatar
    22/12/2020 7:30:40 AM

    Which type of Ekadashi is more important in the types of Ekadashi?

    • User Avatar
      Satish Sastri
      16/01/2021 6:29:46 AM

      Each ekadasi has it's own importance, all Ekadasi's are important

  • User Avatar
    21/12/2020 11:47:51 AM

    Can we sleep on Vaikunta Ekadasi?

  • User Avatar
    21/12/2020 11:46:22 AM

    What is special about Vaikunta Ekadasi?

    • User Avatar
      Satish Sastri
      16/01/2021 6:30:41 AM

      It is Kamala Ekadasi , Refer sri vishnu puranam

  • User Avatar
    17/12/2020 7:23:24 AM

    Goloka and Vaikuntha are the same or any difference is there between them?

    • User Avatar
      Satish Sastri
      16/01/2021 6:31:50 AM

      Loka is different and Vaikunta is different, refer any 18 purana chapter

  • User Avatar
    16/12/2020 6:59:59 AM

    When is the Vaikunta Ekadashi?

    • User Avatar
      21/12/2020 10:45:26 AM


  • User Avatar
    10/12/2020 7:13:12 AM

    When should we start , end Ekadashi fast? If it is 2 days of Ekadashi

  • User Avatar
    03/12/2020 1:51:08 PM

    Should we not supposed to eat rice on ekadashi?

  • User Avatar
    kapil prabhakar
    19/11/2020 2:12:29 PM

    Is their any ways or methods to worship Lord Vishnu in Ekadashi?

    • User Avatar
      Rameshwara Sastry
      17/12/2020 6:16:32 AM

      Follow the vrat and Fasting customs specially on Ekadashi .

  • User Avatar
    14/11/2020 9:56:54 AM

    Is Their any benefits of fasting on Ekadashi?

  • User Avatar
    10/11/2020 12:35:25 PM

    Why is the Vaikunta Ekadashi is important on Ekadashi?

    • User Avatar
      Rameshwara Sastry
      12/11/2020 8:14:03 AM

      Vaikuntha Ekadashi dedicated to lord Vishnu. And it is one of the important days for Hindus. Vaikuntha Ekadashi will occurs according Hindu calendar, in the month of Margashirsha that is between December and January. When observed, it bestows liberation from the cycle of birth and death. Ekadashi, instead, beseeched Vishnu that people who observed a fast on that day should be redeemed of their sins.

  • User Avatar
    16/10/2020 8:33:05 AM

    What not to eat in Ekadashi?

    • User Avatar
      Rameshwara Sastry
      12/11/2020 8:14:48 AM

      Do not consume grains, meat, or any tamasic food that includes onion and garlic if you cannot follow nirjal Ekadashi.

  • User Avatar
    10/10/2020 11:09:51 AM

    Why is Ekadashi so important in India, and why do Indian's fast on these days?

    • User Avatar
      Rameshwara Sastry
      16/10/2020 6:24:22 AM

      The spiritual and scientific way of keeping your senses active. Millions of people across the globe follow fasting for various religious and health benefits. Anyone, women, men, and even children, between the age of eight till eighty, can choose to follow the vrat to attain its benefits.